What They’re Thinking: Jack Wayman
Hollywood used to own their whole distribution until 1949, when the courts made them break it up. They couldn’t stand the fact that somebody could have a machine that would take a movie and copy it for personal use.
So they sued in the lower courts in Los Angeles. They sued Sony, a distributor of Sony, and they sued five consumers. The lower court threw it out and said it was not copyright infringement; it was fair use doctrine.
On appeal, the 9th Circuit Court decided, 2-1, in 1980 that there was infringement. These weren’t even full-time judges! They remanded it back to the court in Los Angeles to make a decision with three suggested remedies: Ban the VCR, tax the VCR to go to Hollywood, or tax blank tape the VCR recorded on and give that to Hollywood.